History of the Common Law
This 2- or 3-credit seminar (see below on credits) is an introduction to the historical origins of Anglo-American law, in which students study selected historical sources and extracts from legal-historical scholarship. Topics include: (1) the jury system-medieval origins and European alternatives, separation of grand and petty juries, changes in the functions and composition of the jury from medieval to modern times, the law of evidence and other forms of jury control; appellate review of jury verdicts; the growing disuse of juries and of trials in modern times; (2) civil justice-the forms of action and the pleading system; the regular and itinerant courts; the judiciary; law reporting and other forms of legal literature; Chancery, the trust, equitable procedure and remedies; historical perspectives on the scope of the right to civil jury trial under the Seventh Amendment; the deterioration of Chancery procedure and the fusion of law and equity; the codification movement; the drafting of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure; (3) criminal justice-medieval criminal procedure; presentment and indictment; the recasting of criminal procedure in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries; the officialization of prosecution and policing; the rise and fall of Star Chamber; defense counsel and the rise of the adversary system in the eighteenth century; the privilege against self-incrimination; the law of evidence; criminal sanctions and sentencing; (4) legal education-the inns of court; apprenticeship; the emergence of university legal education in the United States; and (5) the legal profession-attorneys and barristers; the regulation of admission to the profession; the development of law firms and the trend to megafirms.
Casebook: Langbein, Lettow Lerner & Smith, History of the Common Law: The Development of Anglo-American Legal Institutions (Aspen 2009)
The seminar will be evaluated either by an exam or by a 30 - 40 page paper that will qualify for the Capstone requirement. The paper must be on a legal history topic or at least have a non-trivial historical component to it. The decision to sit for an exam or write a paper must be made by the student by the second week of class.
Credits: The class meets once a week for 2 hours. Students who sit for the exam will receive 2 credits. Students who write a capstone paper can chose to add a separate 1-credit independent study, for a total of 3 credits.
Meets the Capstone writing requirement