July 07, 2021

Global Law Alliance Combats Wildlife Trafficking in Peru

The Global Law Alliance for Animals and the Environment is working with Peruvian officials and the ABA Rule of Law Initiative to protect animals at risk of extinction and threats to biodiversity from wildlife trafficking.  

The Global Law Alliance for Animals and the Environment recently conducted a workshop to combat wildlife trafficking with Peruvian officials. The workshop was part of an ongoing collaboration with the American Bar Association (ABA) Rule of Law Initiative. Clinical Professor and Director, Erica Lyman, and Senior Staff Attorney, Nick Fromherz, shared with Peruvian authorities a series of recommended legal and policy reforms that they developed following a comprehensive review of current approaches to wildlife trafficking. The ABA Rule of Law Initiative has collected these recommended reforms as part of a forthcoming publication entitled “Handbook for Strengthening the Fight Against Wildlife Crimes.” Drafted in collaboration with the Global Law Alliance, the Handbook will also contain a series of practice pointers for Peruvian investigators, prosecutors, and judges working on cases involving wildlife trafficking.

Senior Staff Attorney Nick Fromherz says, “For far too long, wildlife traffickers have exploited animals and threatened biodiversity by treating Peru’s forests, rivers, and seas as collecting grounds for the illegal market. We are grateful to Peru’s committed public servants and the ABA Rule of Law Initiative for giving us this important opportunity to contribute to the development of anti-trafficking policy in a country battered by this illegal activity.”

A 2016 report from Peru’s National Forest and Wildlife Service (SERFOR), titled “National Strategy to Reduce Illegal Trade of Wildlife in Peru,” analyzed wildlife trafficking over a period of 15 years (2000-2015). The report found that a considerable percentage of trafficked species are listed in Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), meaning they are threatened with extinction, including: jaguars, howler monkeys, giant armadillos, and Andean cats. Overall, the species most commonly trafficked in Peru are: birds, amphibians, and reptiles, like boa constrictors, iguanas, lizards, and turtles.

Attendees of the workshop included representatives from Peru’s national prosecutorial office, judiciary, customs agency, environmental police, forestry authority, wildlife management authority, fisheries management authority, and protected areas agency.

After thoroughly considering and evaluating feedback from the workshop, the Global Law Alliance and the ABA Rule of Law Initiative will incorporate the vetted recommendations into the larger Handbook. The Handbook, in turn, will be made available to Peruvian government officials to assist them in their impressive efforts to fight the scourge of wildlife trafficking.

Nick Fromherz is a senior staff attorney at the Global Law Alliance. Previously, Nick served as a Visiting Assistant Professor, teaching courses within Lewis & Clark’s Environmental, Natural Resources, and Energy Law program. Since 2015, Nick has taught Administrative Law at Lewis & Clark Law School during several summer sessions. Combining this experience with his considerable time living and working in Latin America, Nick expands the Global Law Alliance’s footprint in the Americas while building on its international wildlife practice.


Erica Lyman Erica Lyman is the Director of the Global Law Alliance for Animals and the Environment (the Global Law Alliance), a collaboration between CALS and the #1 ranked Environmental Law Program at Lewis & Clark Law School. She is a Clinical Professor of Law at Lewis & Clark Law School. Erica’s practice has included 15 years of work advocating for wildlife within the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna and work on-the-ground to stop wildlife trafficking.


The Center for Animal Law Studies (CALS) was founded in 2008 with a mission to educate the next generation of animal law attorneys and advance animal protection through the law. With vision and bold risk-taking, CALS has since developed into a world-renowned animal law epicenter, with the most comprehensive animal law curriculum offered anywhere. In addition, CALS is the only program that offers an advanced legal degree in animal law (both in person and online) and three specialty Animal Law Clinics. In 2020, CALS launched the Global Law Alliance for Animals and the Environment, as champions for wild animals and wild spaces, in collaboration with Lewis & Clark Law School’s #1 ranked Environmental Law Program. CALS is a fully self-funded nonprofit organization operating under the Lewis & Clark College 501(c)(3) tax-exempt status, and is only able to provide these educational opportunities through donations and grants.