Please note that the information on this page is specific to our in-person Animal Law LLM Program. For details regarding our online Program, go here.
Program Length and Curriculum
The Animal Law LLM degree requires 26 credit hours to complete. Program requirements can be completed in as few as two semesters. U.S. students have a total of two and a half years to complete the degree. Under U.S. Homeland Security regulations, international students must ordinarily complete the degree within 18 months and contact the International Students and Scholars Office well in advance if an extension is needed. U.S. students can begin their studies in the Fall, Spring, or Summer terms. International students without a background in U.S. law must start in the Fall and take an Introduction to U.S. Legal Studies course, which is offered in an online format that both precedes and runs into the beginning of the Fall semester.
Check out our full catalogue of animal law course offerings and review the courses that will be offered in a given year. If a specific area of interest is not represented, a student may design an individual research project under the supervision of a faculty member or a reading group with fellow students.
Degree Requirements for U.S. Students
To obtain the Animal Law LLM degree, U.S. students must earn a minimum of 26 credits with a cumulative GPA of 2.50 or better. Of the 26 credits, 2 credits must be applied to the mandatory Emerging Topics in Animal Law courses in the Fall and the Spring (1 credit in the Fall and 1 credit in the Spring). U.S. students who have not taken an Animal Law survey course at the JD level must take Animals in the Law (3 credits). In rare cases, U.S. students who did not take this subject in law school but have substantial experience in this area may submit a request to the Animal Law Advanced Degree Director Program to waive these requirements. At least 18 of the 26 required credits must come from the animal law curriculum. This allows U.S. students to dedicate up to 8 credits from non-animal law courses to the Animal Law LLM degree.
Degree Requirements for International Students
To obtain the Animal Law LLM degree, international students must earn a minimum of 26 credits. Unlike U.S. LLM students, however, international students are graded on a “credit / no credit” basis. As such, they do not receive letter grades (e.g., A, B+, C-, etc.) on assignments or for their work in any of their courses. However, they may receive an “HR,” or Honors, designation for courses in which they have earned a B+ or higher.
Of the required 26 credits, 2 must be applied to the Emerging Topics in Animal Law courses in the Fall and in the Spring (1 credit in the Fall and 1 credit in the Spring). International students without a background in U.S. law must take an Introduction to US Legal Studies course, which both precedes and runs into the beginning of the Fall semester. International students must also take Animals in the Law regardless of whether they have taken a similar course in their home country. Finally, at least 18 of the 26 total credits must be come from the animal law curriculum. Note that the Emerging Topics in Animal Law courses (2 credits total), Introduction to US Legal Studies (2 credits), and Animals in the Law (3 credits) all count toward this 18-credit requirement. International students may dedicate up to 8 credits from non-animal law courses to the Animal Law LLM degree.
In addition to the requirements listed above, LLM students must register for a minimum of 5 credits each semester, except for the summer term and the student’s final term if fewer than 5 credits are needed to complete the degree. If a U.S. student wishes to take fewer than 5 credits in any semester that is not the summer term or their final semester, they must request permission to “underload” from the LLM Program Director. Note that a student must be registered for at least 5 credits each term to be considered a full-time student. Being less than a full-time student may impact a student’s ability to defer federal loan repayments, so students should plan accordingly.
The law school is on the semester system, with 13 weeks of classes and two weeks of exams in each semester. The fall semester usually begins the week before Labor Day and ends the second or third week of December; please note that international students may begin taking the Introduction to U.S. Legal Studies course, which is required for all international students who have not studied law in the U.S., two weeks before the normal fall start date. The spring semester begins in early January and ends in May, with a one-week spring break in March. See the school’s academic calendar for specific dates here.
For more information, please contact Animal Law Admissions at email@example.com or 503-768-6895.